Indiana School Requirements for Children's Vision
Requires a battery of vision tests that includes a visual acuity test to determine an individual's ability to see at various distances, a refractive error test to determine the focusing power of the eye, an ocular health test to determine any external or internal abnormalities of the eye, and a binocular coordination test to determine if the eyes are working together properly. The governing body of each school corporation shall conduct an annual vision test of each student upon the student's enrollment in either kindergarten or grade 1 and an annual screening test of the visual acuity of each student enrolled in or transferred to grade 3, grade 5 and grade 8 and of all other students suspected of having a visual defect.
Records of all tests shall be made and continuously maintained by the school corporation to provide information useful in protecting, promoting, and maintaining the health of students. The state department of health and the state board shall adopt joint rules concerning vision testing equipment, qualifications of vision testing personnel, visual screening procedures, and criteria for failure and referral in the screening tests based on accepted medical practice and standards. The school corporation's governing body and the superintendent shall receive information concerning the tests conducted including the number of students tested, the number of students who passed a test, and the number of students who failed a test or were referred for further testing. Each school corporation shall annually provide to the department, for each school within the school corporation, information concerning the tests conducted including whether the tests were conducted at the school, if the tests were not conducted at the school, the reason for not performing the tests, and, if the tests were conducted at the school, the number of students tested. Not later than October 1, 2010, the department shall report the information received from school corporations to the legislative council in electronic format. Indiana Code §20-34-3-12
Allows a school corporation unable to comply with §20-34-3-12 to request from the state superintendent a waiver of the requirements, before November 1 of a school year. The waiver request must be in writing and include the reason or reasons that necessitated the waiver request and indication of the extent to which the governing body attempted to comply with the requirements. The state superintendent may approve or deny the waiver request or provide whatever relief that may be available to enable the school corporation to comply with the requirements. If the state superintendent approves the waiver request, the governing body shall conduct an annual screening test of the visual acuity of each student upon the student's enrollment in or transfer to grade 1. The governing body of each school corporation shall make and maintain records of all waivers requested by the governing body under this section. The state superintendent shall make and continuously maintain records of all actions taken by the state superintendent concerning all waivers requested under this section. Indiana Code §20-34-3-13
An interpretation of the language used in the statute suggests that the state requires a vision screening instead of an examination. It is left to the discretion of the clinician whether a screening is performed or a comprehensive eye exam.